Kolonialismi murtuu Aasiassa – sata vuotta Filippiinien vallankumouksesta

Seminaarin 26.4.1997 aineisto

10.00Katsaus Filippiinien vallankumoukseen 1896-98 ja itsenäisyyteen – Katipunanin historia
Toimittaja Sami Noponen ja kehittämiskonsultti Pekka Borg, Filippiinit-seura ry
11.20Japanin vaikutus Kaakkois-Aasian itsenäisyysliikkeisiin 1940-luvulla
Fil. yo Tove Selin, Aasian ystävät ry
13.15The Stolen Revolutions in the Philippines
Manuel Montes, Ph. D. Economy, UNU Wider-Institute
14.00An Exceptional Colonialism? U. S. Education in the Turn of the Century in the Philippines (ks. alla)
Jane Margold, Ph. D. Helsingin yliopiston kulttuuriantropologian laitos
14.30Naiset Filippiinien vallankumouksessa
Diakoni Sari Nurminen ja kirjailija Riitta Vartti, Filippiinit-seura ry

Seminaarin järjestäjät

  • Filippiinit-seura ry
  • Aasian ja Afrikan kielten ja kulttuurien laitos, Helsingin yliopisto
  • Iberoamerikkalainen keskus, Helsingin yliopisto
  • Aasian ystävät ry
  • Suomen Ekumeenisen Kasvatuksen Yhdistys ry (SEKY)

Jane Margold

Abstract for

“An Exceptional Colonialism? U.S. Education in the
Turn-of-the-Century Philippines.”

In 1898, when the U.S. laid claim to the Philippines, American schoolteachers were shipped to the archipelago before the fighting had entirely ceased. The provison of education to the Philippine masses was a cornerstore of U.s. policy in the Philippines and — in the view of the colonial administration — mae the American brand of colonialism “exceptional” and unique. No European imperial power had offered indigenous peoples such an extensive system of free primary schooling. Yet, as this paper argues, it was not the U.S. colonial government alone that determined the impact of the expanded opportunities for education. The American schoolteachers, strategically situated so that they could act as agents of social pacificatio all over the archipelago, were often days or weeks away from Manila’s office of education. The teachers were forced to fashion their own responses to local conditions, drawing upon the ontradictory, shifting values of a country newly in search of empire.

Contemporary social analysts direct our attention to the many ways in which subordinate groups reinterpret the ideologies of the powerful. Less examined, however, are the resistances and blockages thrown in the path of official intention by those who are not at the bottom of social hierarchies, but at mid-levels, as the teachers were. By focusing upon the teachers’ practices, then, the paper seeks a more nuanced understanding of the type of colonialism the Americans imposed upon the Filipinos. As we will see, there were disjunctures and inconsistencies in U.S. colonial policy — between the state and its human agents, and between the two poles of naked imperialism and a deeply-felt, if naive, progressivism on the part of the colonial administrators.

Lue lisää –

Margold, Jane A. (1996). An Exceptional Colinalism: U. S. Thomasites in the Turn-of-the-Century Philippines. Suomen antropologi 4 / 1996.